NZ Photo Co

The New Zealand Photographic Company
Queen Street

New Zealand Herald, Volume III, Issue 687, 26 January 1866, Page 1

MARTIN, Josiah

Josiah Martin

died 29 September 1916 at his residence, Princes Street, Northcote, Auckland

Mr Josiah Martin, late head master of the Model Training School, is a passenger by the Loch Fleet to London. Mr Martin has been unwell for many months, and his object in visiting his native city is the recovery of his health, which may be invigorated and possibly restored by the voyage. His pupils, desirous of showing their regard, have sent him a number of presents, accompanied by letters full of pleasant words.
Auckland Star, Volume X, Issue 2786, 31 March 1879

Mr. Josiah Martin has entered into partnership with Mr. W.H.T. Partington (formerly of Barlett's and Hemus and Hanna's), and the new firm are about to commence business as photographers at the Queen-street Market entrance. During the last two years a "new departure" has been made in photographic science, known us the "Gelatine Bromide" or "dry plate" process, and this process the new firm propose to bring into extensive use. By it some wonderful pictures have been taken from the car of a balloon in rapid movement between Rouen and Paris, in one-twentieth part of a second at 6.30 on a misty evening. In the portrait gallery and for family groups these pictures are in great demand.

New Zealand Herald, Volume XVII, Issue 5956, 18 December 1880 

Everyone should visit the photographic studio of Mr Josiah Martin. His new portraits on platinum form an era in the annals of photography. They are as soft and clear as an oil painting by an old master, and the pose is remarkably good. Some are exquisitely tinted by Mr Trevithick, and some by Miss Stewart.
Observer, Volume 3, Issue 58, 22 October 1881

Messrs Martin and Partington, photographers, having dissolved partnership, the business will be carried on by Mr Josiah Martin, whose instantaneous portraits and platinum pictures have achieved such wide reputation.
Observer, Volume 3, Issue 75, 18 February 1882

Tourists and visitors to the Terraces and Hot Springs will be glad to know that Mr Josiah Martin has secured an excellent portrait of "Sophia," the wellknown guide, which is on sale at his studio, Queen-street Market.
Observer, Volume IV, Issue 92, 17 June 1882

Mr Josiah Martin has just issued a new series of views of Auckland, many of which are remarkable for their artistic beauty and effect. The photograph of Auckland Harbour from Railway Wharf, showing the departure of the Nelson, is a perfect gem; the cutter in the foreground coming up to the Railway Wharf is as correct as a painting, while the play of light and shade upon the water is instinct with life. The Auckland Express is another instantaneous effect, taking the moving train on the embankment as sharp as if it was stationary. Several other views and street scenes, full of life and vigour, have been publish, and we recommend a visit to Mr Martin's Studio.
Observer, Volume 4, Issue 98, 29 July 1882

Mr. Josiah Martin, photographer, who has recently returned from the Lake Country, has brought back with him after his six weeks' tour in that interesting region, about 300 views he has obtained of Lake scenery. He has secured about 50 views of the Whakarewarewa, Tikitere, Ohinemutu, and Rotorua districts; 50 of the Wairakei, and some 200 of the Rotamahana terraces, geysers, hot springs, and lake scenery. Some of the natural wonders now photographed have never been previously taken, and as a contribution to the collection of photographs views of the Maori Wonderland, Mr. Martin's is one of the best that has yet been forthcoming.
New Zealand Herald, Volume XX, Issue 6897, 25 December 1883

A collection of large mezzotint photographs (22 x 15) of New Zealand scenery has been prepared by Mr. Josiah Martin, photographer, which he is forwarding to the Indian and Colonial Exhibition. It consists of a set of nine views representing the terraces of Rotomahana, being six of the white terraces and three of the pink. Also a set of four representing New Zealand bush scenery. These are some of the choicest gems of our sylvan beauties.

Taking them in detail —
No. 1 represents the White Terrace overflowing; the great buttress is distinct in foreground, and the basins behind.
No. 2 upper basins overflowing;
No. 3 is a view of the upper terrace drying. In this the artist has been successful in bringing out the detail of the architecture of the terrace — embossing standing out as white rosettes on a grey ground, making a very effective picture.
No. 4 represents the formation of the cups and basins when dry.
No. 5 is a beautiful picture of the interior of the cauldron, taken on the morning of Mr. Sala's visit. The flowering of the cauldron is here depicted in high relief.
No. 6 is a view of the fringed buttresses at evening.
No. 7 a general view of the Pink Terrace.
No. 8 of the beautiful cascades, for which it is so celebrated ; and
No. 9 the well known "umbrella" buttress — one of the grandest features of the Pink Terrace.

The four views of local scenery embrace the Huia Glen, Manukau, which was so much admired at the Society of Arts Exhibition; the Waitakerei, a bush scene above the Waitakerei falls, an exquisite picture of distinctive native foliage; and last is a view of the Nihotapu cascades.
This gives a typical representation of the beautiful scenery for which this part of the island is so celebrated. The whole series is appropriately framed with New Zealand woods, carved and polished, so as to make it all local. The frames are very handsome. Mr. Martin has also prepared two pictures similar to these in size and framing. One represents a giant kauri from Northern Wairoa, the largest yet photographed, being 45 feet 6 inches in girth, and the other the wharf and shipping at Te Kopuru, Kaipara. These have been executed to the order of Dr. Campbell, and will form part of his collection illustrating the timber industry.
New Zealand Herald, Volume XXIII, Issue 7550, 1 February 1886

Mr. Josiah Martin.
An early citizen of Auckland, at one time prominent in business circles, has just passed away at Northcote, at the age of 73 years, in the person of Mr. Josiah Martin, formerly engaged in education and photography. Mr. Martin was a man of many parts, social, artistic,and scientific. In matters photographic he was one of the first men in New Zealand to exploit the scenic wealth of the country and his photographs of New Zealand panoramic beauty had great vogue some 30 years ago, long before the State formed a Tourist Department and took in hand the advertising of the special attractions of the country. Probably Mr. Martin's photographs did more to bring the Rotomahana Terraces and other thermal wonders of the Auckland Province under the notice of the world than any other medium. Prior to the days of free State education Mr. Martin conducted a private college at the old Choral Hall. He was a leading member of the Auckland Institute in the days of his active life, and was also a high dignitary in English Freemasonry. The deceased leaves three daughters, one of whom is the wife of the Rev. 0. Lyon.
New Zealand Herald, Volume LIII, Issue 16350, 3 October 1916

A Veteran Photographer. There died at Northcote this week a veteran knight of the camera, Mr Josiah Martin, at the age of 73 years. He was known from end to end of the Dominion, and his views of Now Zealand scenic resorts did much to popularise the country before the days of the illustrated newspapers. His chief work was around Auckland and in the thermal regions, but he also had a very large collection of views of Wakatipu, Wanaka, Hawea, Te Anau, and the West Coast Sounds. Some 30 years ago he did a great business in photos of Now Zealand scenery, the views being eagerly bought up by tourists and others to send to all parts of the world.
Evening Star, Issue 16240, 9 October 1916




A very interesting address was given on May 14 to the Auckland Photographic Club, by Mr. Josiah Martin, illustrated by the optical lantern. The lecturer gave a humorous description of the innumerable difficulties which beset the early visitors to the Hot Lake district. His first visit had been paid in 1876, when the first difficulty to overcome was the rooted objection of the Maori to the camera in any form. Then the almost insuperable difficulty in getting the pure water needed for the wet-plate process — difficulties of light — difficulties with provisions — rendered the task of  the early photographer painfully uncertain.

Ten days unceasing rain added to troubles, and when at last good negatives were taken and developed the bottom of the plate box came out, and fragments strewed the ground. The lecturer gave his theory of the formation of the terraces, and explained the mode of silicious incrustation so characteristic of the scene. After the lecture a unanimous vote of thanks was passed to Mr. Martin, and notice given of the private exhibition of the club to be held from May 28 to June 4.

New Zealand Herald, Volume XXVII, Issue 8259, 19 May 1890, Page 10

Wellington Wharf by Josiah Martin

 Glasgow Wharf by Josiah Martin

FREEMAN, Edward Henry

Edward Henry Freeman
later New Zealand Photographic Co.

 born 13 January 1869, Nelson, New Zealand, reg. 1869/22117 
son of Hannah Cross and Henry Augustus Freeman (carpenter)
bapt 7 March 1869, All Saint's, Nelson, New Zealand
died 26 February 1928 Cuba Street, Wellington aged 59 aged, reg. 1928/10925
buried 29 February 1928 Karori Cemetery, section CH ENG2, plot number 121 J.

Evening Post, Volume CV, Issue 48, 1 March 1928, Page 16

Hannah Cross and Henry Augustus Freeman married 24 June 1868 at Christ Church, Nelson by the Rev. G. H. Johnstone, reg. 1868/8114. He was youngest son of the late Thomas Freeman and Hannah Cross was the second daughter of Thomas Cross of Lower Walmer, Kent, England. Hannah Freeman died 24 September 1928 at her residence 20 Rhodes Street, Wellington aged 69 years, buried 25 September 1928 Karori Cemetery, section CH ENG2, plot number 121 J. Henry Augustus Freeman was buried 4 September 1933 Karori Cemetery, section CH ENG2, plot number 121 J.

Nelson Evening Mail, Volume XX, Issue 185, 5 August 1886, Page 3

Nelson Evening Mail, Volume XX, Issue 192, 13 August 1886, Page 2
[this notice was repeated in the Nelson Evening Mail until 18 August 1886]

  Evening Post, Volume XXXV, Issue 102, 2 May 1888, Page 3

The Cyclopedia of New Zealand -
Wellington Provincial District
Freeman, Henry August, Builder and Contractor, Home Street, Wellington. Mr. Freeman's parents came from England in 1842 by the barque "London," and settled in Nelson. There Mr. Freeman served his apprenticeship to Mr. John Scott, and gained considerable experience in the trade. Afterwards he learnt boat-building under his father, Mr. Thomas Graham Freeman, who was a shipwright at Nelson, and the first to start shipbuilding at that place. In 1873 he went to Westport and commenced business as a shipbuilder, afterwards living in Reefton, in Westport, and in Nelson, and finally came to Wellington in 1889, where he has been in business up to the present time. Mr. Freeman has been in partnership for some months past with Mr. Charles Johnston, a builder of repute, under the style of Freeman and Johnston. Mr. Freeman was married in Nelson, and has eleven children - seven daughters and four sons - the eldest son being manager of the New Zealand Photographic Company.

HILL, Frederick

 Frederick Hill
1886 to 1887 - 64 Cuba Street, Wellington, succeeded Emily Florence Cazneau, premises later occupied by the New Zealand Photographic Co. and then Berry and Co.
1888 - Regent Street, Hawera
1888 - Hunterville
1889 - Wanganui

Evening Post, Volume XXXII, Issue 106, 18 September 1886, Page 3

Evening Post, Volume XXXII, Issue 120, 5 October 1886, Page 1

A fire broke out on the premises of Mr. F. Hill, photographer, Cuba-street, shortly before 4 o'clock yesterday afternoon, but was suppressed before a great amount of damage had been done. The outbreak occurred in the developing, or dark room, and its origin is a mystery. The Manners-street Fire Brigade Station was promptly communicated with, but before Captain Page and his men could reach the spot, a small hose was procured from a neighbour, and, a plentiful supply of water being available, the flames were soon extinguished. The damage amounts to about £4O. The stockin-trade is insured in the Colonial office for £135. In cutting a hole in the weatherboard for the purpose of inserting the nozzle of the hose, a large lens was considerably damaged. Messrsr. P. Hill, G. Bernasconi, J. H. Hudson, J. Godber, L. Brogan, A. Watty, and G. Percy were the most prominent in suppressing the fire.
Evening Post, Volume XXXIII, Issue 12, 15 January 1887, Page 2

  Feilding Star, Volume XI, Issue 14, 18 July 1889, Page 3
The N.Z. Photo Company later occupied the studio at 64 Cuba Street, Wellington.

Hawera & Normanby Star, Volume X, Issue 1827, 13 January 1888, Page 3

Evening Post, Volume XXXV, Issue 66, 20 March 1888, Page 2

There was a narrow escape from a fire in Hawera on Monday. Mr. Hill, photographer, left his premises in Regent-street between two and three o'clock, and, on returning in company with Mr. Stanley about half an hour later, he found smoke issuing from a back room of the premises. On entering the building, flames were seen to be spreading up a wooden partition and over the ceiling. Messrs. Stanley and Hill at once set to work pulling down scrim and beating out the fire, and worked to such good purpose that its progress was stayed and in time the flames were subdued. They had just arrived in the nick of time, and had not their action been very prompt the destruction of the premises and those adjoining, Mr. Hutchison's office and Mr. Davidson's Regent-street store, must have occurred.

It seems that when Mr. Hill left the premises there was a fire burning in the fireplace, having been used for heating purposes in connection with enamelling operations, and it is supposed that sparks must have shot out and ignited the scrim partition, which was pretty close to the fireplace. The building, owned by Mr. Davidson, is insured in the South British office for £80 the damage is estimated at £10 or £15. Mr. Hill had no insurance, and his loss he estimates at £30. Mr. Hill unfortunately lost many negatives from which he bad not yet printed, and, therefore, he cannot now fulfil the orders at present. He desires that persons who have sat for photographs will communicate with him.
Hawera & Normanby Star, Volume X, Issue 1884, 20 March 1888, Page 2

The New Zealand Times says "Mr. Frederick Hill, formerly in business as a photographer in Wellington, but now living at Hunterville, on the central route of the North Island Trunk Railway, is now in town, and gives a most encouraging account of the quality of the land in that neighborhood. Mr. Hill states that the soil is of unusual richness, in proof of which he has brought with him a rare collection of vegetables grown on his land." If this Mr. Frederick Hill is the person who was recently in business in Hawera, as a photographer, we and others should be glad if he would bring his produce up this way.
Hawera & Normanby Star, Volume X, Issue 1919, 2 May 1888, Page 2

 Wanganui Chronicle, Volume XXXII, Issue 11456, 10 August 1889, Page 3

CAZNEAU, Emily Florence

Emily Florence Cazneau
64 Cuba Street, Wellington

succeeded by Frederick Hill at 64 Cuba Street about October 1886, premises later occupied by the New Zealand Photographic Co. and then Berry and Co.

Emily Florence Bentley [sometimes referred to as Emma] was born on 14 May 1855 the youngest daughter of Richard and Ellen Bentley of Sydney. She was baptised with her sister Lillian Elizabeth Bentley [married George Robert Peisley in 1877] at the Anglican Church, Sydney on 7 November 1872, she was then aged 17 years. Her father Richard Bentley, an old colonist and a native of Dublin, died on 28 April 1875 at his residence 16 Hutchinson Street, Surry Hills, Sydney of disease of the heart aged 60 years. She died in Adelaide, South Australia on 24 March 1892 aged 36 years [1].

She may be the "Miss Bentley" who arrived in Wellington from Sydney on the s.s. Wakatipu on 19 December 1876 [10].
Emily Bentley was married by the Rev. Harry Blake Redstone in the house of Mrs Sophia Lawes, Sydney Street, Wellington, New Zealand on 23 December 1876 [4] (registered 1876/2575), to Pierce Mott Cazneau [5] the sixth son of Margaret Sharpe and Edward Lancelott Cazneau, artist of Liverpool, England [2].  She was then aged 21 years, her husband was aged 27 years. Sophia Lawes' daughter Sarah Lawes married the photographer Charles Sorrell on 13 May 1876.

Pierce Mott Cazneau married secondly Christina Margaret Jane Harley daughter of J. Harley, she died on 17 February 1938, Adelaide aged 70 years, (mother of Jack, Pip, Dot and Carmen [11]). Pierce Mott Cazneau died 20 April 1928 at his residence Ebor Avenue, Torrensville, Adelaide, aged 78 years.

Margaret Cazneau the mother of Pierce Mott Cazneau died 17 June 1893 at her son's residence, 25 Forbes Street, Darlington [8].

Warren Housman Cazneau the brother of Pierce Mott Cazneau and third son of Edward Lancelott Cazneau married 25 January 1872 at St Andrews Church, Waratah, by the Rev. E. Lewis, Anetta  Kuhn, eldest daughter of P. Kuhn, Waratah [9].

Harold Cazneaux.
issue of Emily Florence Cazneau [Bentley] and her husband Pierce Mott Cazneau:
1. Harold Cazneau (also known as Harold Pierce Cazneaux) born 30 March 1878, Wellington, New Zealand, reg. 1878/4205, died 19 June 1953 at his residence, Roseville, Sydney, married 1 September 1905 at the Methodist Church, Boulevarde, Lewisham, Sydney by the Rev. Dr. Sellars, Winnifred Hodge youngest daughter of the late John Hodge, Adelaide [6]. Harold Cazneaux is the grandfather of Richard Harold Smith, the founder of Dick Smith Electronics.

1a. Rainbow W. Cazneaux born circa 1908 reg. 18662/1908 St Leonards, married Hugh Malanai Johnson, he was killed during WWII (parents of Robert and Sally)
1b. Jean L. Cazneaux born circa 1909, reg. 41494/1909 St Leonards
1c. May Beryl Cazneaux born circa 1911, reg. 20775/1911 St Leonards
1d. Carmen Cazneaux born circa 1913, reg. 19310/1913 St Leonards, married Vincent Frederick Field

1e. Joan Cazneaux married Herbert Smith
1f. Harold Ramsay Cazneaux (2nd A.I.F.) killed 14 September 1941

2. Gordon Cazneau (Major) born circa 1880, Wellington, died 7 September 1941 at Neutral Bay, Sydney (First A.I.F.), married 1915 St Peters Church, Blues Point Road, Sydney, Lizzie Gray Provest formerly Clark, she died 3 May 1947 Sydney aged 64 years

3. Carmen Cazneau born 3 March 1882 Newtown, Wellington [3], reg. 1882/6387, died about 1966, married 6 September 1905 at St Augustine's Church, Unley, by the Rev. Eugene Perrin, Ralph Hammer, third son of William H. Hammer [7].

3a. Ralph Cazneau Hammer born "Aroha," First Avenue, St Peters, Adelaide, reg. 1914    933/380
3b. Carmen Cazneau Hammer born "Aroha," First Avenue, St Peters, Adelaide, reg. 1922 102A/82
4. Gerald Cazneau born 10 August 1884 Wellington, died 15 October 1901 Payneham, South Australia [12].
issue of Christina Margaret Jane Cazneau [Harley] and her husband Pierce Mott Cazneau:
1. Harley John Cazneau "Jack" born 3 November 1896, reg. 593/86  Norwood, South Australia, died 31 March 1960 Adelaide, married Stella Maxine Francis [12].

2. Pierce Harley Cazneau "Pip" born 3 November 1896, reg. 593/86  Norwood, South Australia, died 1981, married Dorothy Elizabeth Bartlett [12].

3. Dorothy Harley Cazneau "Dot" born 6 March 1903, reg. 708/464 Adelaide, married William M. Minear [12].

Evening Post, Volume XXX, Issue 111, 6 November 1885, Page 3

Members of Friendly Societies will be interested in a photograph exhibited in the window of Messrs Milner and Thompson, High street [Christchurch]. It represents a group of members of the general Committee of the Friendly Societies, who so successfully carried out the arrangements of the recent demonstration by those bodies at Wellington on Oct. 15. The photograph, which was executed by Mr [sic] E. F. Cazneau, of Wellington, is neatly mounted, framed, and forms a pleasing memento of the Friendly Societies' gathering at the Industrial Exhibition.
Star, Issue 5464, 11 November 1885, Page 4

Evening Post, Volume XXXII, Issue 106, 18 September 1886, Page 3

Portrait of an unknown man by Emily Florence Cazneau

Evening Post, Volume XXXII, Issue 120, 5 October 1886, Page 1

Photographs by Harold Cazneaux

[1]  The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA), Wednesday 30 March 1892, page 4
[2] Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW), 13 January 1877 page 33
[3]  Evening Post, Volume XXIII, Issue 64, 18 March 1882, Page 2
[4] reg. 1876/2575  Pierce Mott Cazneau (as Carzeneau)
[5] birth registered - Births Mar 1850 Cazneau Pierce Mott, Wirral or Wirrall 19 317
[6] Chronicle (Adelaide, SA), 7 October 1905, page 31
[7] The Register (Adelaide, SA), 17 October 1905, page 4 
[8] The Sydney Morning Herald, 24 June 19893, page 1
[9] Newcastle Chronicle, 3 February 1872 aged 4
[10]  New Zealand Times, Volume XXXI, Issue 4913, 20 December 1876
[11]  The Advertiser (Adelaide), Mon 21 Feb 1938, Page 12 
[12] The Cazneauxs - The Ancestors of Dick Smith by Cora Num 2002