Niels Peter Schourup (pictured left) was born 13 November 1837 in Nykøbing Mors, Denmark, the son of Frederik Schourup (1805-1880) and Bolette Sophie Petersen (1805-1877), he was baptised on 12 April 1838. (1) He had an older brother Theodor Schourup who was later a timber merchant in Nykøbing. There were also two younger brothers, Christian Benjamin Schourup, who may have died young and Hans Frederik Schourup, later a mechanic in New York. His sister Anna Catherina Schourup married Hans Christian Andersen and lived in New Jersey. (2)
Peter Schourup arrived in Adelaide, South Australia on 7 January 1863 on the ship "William Jackson" from Söderhamn, Sweden (20) He was employed for a time by the photographer "Professor" Robert Hall as an artist to colour his photographs. Later in the year Schourup opened his own photographic studio at Port Adelaide, and it is likely he learnt the art of photography while working at the Professor’s studio.(3)
Port Adelaide Photographic Gallery. - Open Daily from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Superior Carte de Visites in any style 17s. 6d. the Dozen.
The Public are respectfully invited to call and inspect Specimens.
Aquatics.— There are a few spirited men at the Port who cannot resist the temptation to raise a match, even with the prospect of the regatta at the end of the month. On Thursday morning Mr. Schourup rowed to the North Arm and back, and on Saturday Mr. Braddock took the sculls over the same course. The latter gentleman was the favourite, and several bets were made.
H.M.S.S. Galatea.- During the whole of Friday there was not the slightest perceptible diminution in the number of visitors to the Galatea. There were extra vessels bid on, and all were equally crowded. The Semaphore Jetty was a favorable place for embarkation with those who disliked the rush to the steamers, and every available means were employed in transporting the pleasure-seekers, Mr. Schourup, the photographic artist, took up a position abeam of the frigate, and from the paddle box of the tug produced a most excellent photo graph of the ship, the stillness of the sea rendering the day a most propitious one for the purpose. From 8 o'clock a.m. till sundown the noble vessel was crowded, and all ware unanimous in speaking favorably of the courtesy received. Some of the youngsters invaded the shrouds and topmast rigging, while one more adventurous than the rest clambered away to the main truck, the loftiest position gained for some time. All was good humor, and not a single instance of misconduct has transpired, although the steamers were crowded with motley groups.
Views of Port Adelaide.— Mr. Schourup has made it a speciality of his profession to pay particular attention to photographing, nautical scenes, and the positions of some of his ships are excellently chosen.
Lately he has taken several views of the Port as it is seen from the opposite river bank, and the number of vessels in harbour gives an important aspect to the place. Should the views stand the lapse of time, in a few years hence they will prove interesting records of the past.
The first picture embraces points from Hart's Mill chimney to Levi's Wharf. It gives a sight of the Orient liner Yatala as she lay in the stream berth ready for sea. The Orient is easily recognisable at Prince's Wharf, and the Craigendarroch still further down. The Beltana is rather hidden by vessels in inside berths, but the South Australian is visible at the Company's Wharf. The brigantine William unceremoniously destroyed the sight of the Town Hall Tower by abstracting the view with her mainmast, but Messrs. Newman's store and several prominent buildings are well represented. In the foreground is seen a boat which in years past earned for herself a good name by being of service at the wreck of the Admella.
The second of the series shows more of the opposite bank, beginning at the left hand, with the old Revenue Station and Fletcher's Shipyard. The Beltana has here a prominent place on the cradle, and on the right the Gothenburg, steamer, is shown lying at the Company's Wharf.
The third view extends further towards the bridge, the extreme right being occupied by the Government Yard, with the steam launch on the slip for overhaul. Hawker's Creek has half a dozen well-known wood boats in it, and the Engelbert occupies the stream berth off Fletcher's Slip. The broadside view of the Yatala at Prince's Wharf gives an admirable idea of a fine ship, and the Town Hall tower is here shown to perfection. Altogether the pictures are gems of art reflecting great credit on the photographer.
He married Sophia Louisa Hustler at St Paul's Church, Adelaide on 16 December 1874 by the Rev. S. Green. She was the daughter of Frederick and Louisa Hustler; there were no children of the marriage. Peter and Sophia Schourup departed Melbourne on the s.s. Omeo on 4 January 1875 (19) and settled in Christchurch.
P. Schourup, being about to leave the colony, begs to return his sincere thanks for the liberal patronage bestowed upon him during his long residence in Port Adelaide. The photo business will in the future be conducted by Mr. Edmund Lyne Sands, of the well-known firm of Sands & Co., Trinity square, London, whose ability as a photographer and colorist will be a guarantee for superior workmanship.
Photographic.— Mr Schoroup (sic), photographer, Colombo street, has adopted a now process for improving the appearance and durability of photographs. It is both simple and effective. After a photograph has been mounted, it is placed in a solution of gelatine, which imparts a beautiful glaze to the surface, alike improving the appearance of the picture and affording excellent protection to it from the air. -
This notice (left) first appeared in the Star on 1 April 1876, the wording later being corrected to read "... enlargement in mezzotint and oil." This advertisement continued in the Star until 9 June 1877 when it was replaced with the notice also shown here.
Early on the morning of 12 January 1879 a fire broke out in the brick premises adjoining Schourup's shop. Schourup and his wife who lived at the premises had barely time to escape in their night-dresses. A lot of damage was done to the buildings, stores, and furniture. Mr Schourup had his furniture insured for £400 and the building for £600 (4).
Christchurch, Jan. 13.
A fire broke out on the premises of a Chinaman, Ah Ting, in Colombo street, through the explosion of crackers, which formed part of the stock. Though in a dense block of buildings the fire was confined to the house where it began. Much damage, however, was done to other houses and goods in them, partly by necessary measures for extinguishing the fire, and partly by the carelessness of volunteers in removing goods. Ah Ting's total loss is supposed to be L3OO. Many others lost heavily, a photographer named Schouruss(sic), to the extent of L8OO, being the largest loser.
He re-opened for business on 4 February in a temporary studio in Colombo street opposite the City Hotel, formerly occupied by John Gaul. He advertised that any negatives destroyed in the fire would be retaken free of charge.(14) The studio would be open daily from 9am to 4pm, or for young children from 11am to 2pm.(15)
Each view is surrounded by ornamental scroll work which forms a frame, and the centre panel contains the following statistical information of the Borough worked in illuminated text "Borough of Sydenham, incorporated 20th September, 1877. Number of inhabitants, 7000 street mileage, 32; area of Borough, 1163 acres churches and schools, 8 number of names on burgess roll, 1175. Mayor, G. Booth. Councillors Andrew, Brown, Charters, Foster, Hall, Jones, Langdown, Pavitt, White."
The mountings are enclosed in a handsome gilt Alhambra frame, manufactured by Messrs Fisher and Son, bearing a gilt tablet on the lower portion, with the words, "Sydenham, New Zealand."
Mr. Schourup, photographer, who some time since was ejected by fire from his establishment in Colombo street, has now returned to his old location, where new premises have been erected. Mr. Schourup has taken care to have the building so arranged as to meet his special requirements, and he has succeeded in making his compact little establishment quite a model. The studio, which is about 40 feet long, has evidently had much thought bestowed upon it, and the arrangements which have been made for securing and desired amount of light are as perfect as they are simple. The adjoining dressing room has been fitted with just that taste which might have been anticipated in an ex-student of the Copenhagen School of Art, and generally the fittings of the various rooms are excellently managed. On the ground floor there is a reception room, a store for chemicals, &c, a studio for the colourist, and a printing room, the last mentioned opening into a yard fitted with inclined racks for the exposure of negatives. It need scarcely be said that in the various rooms some fine specimens of photography are being exhibited, not the least meritorious of these being some of the now well-known carbon pictures. - Star, 6 September 1879, Page 3
above: Peter Schourop's studio located on the east side of Colombo Street between Lichfield and Cashel Streets, opposite E. Reese & Sons. (digitally framed)
At the Christchurch Industrial Exhibition in 1880 it was reported that Mr. Schourup exhibited some excellent photographs, particularly some of the children's fancy dress ball. (17)
In June 1881 the West Coast Times reported that Mr Schourup had just completed an “artistic and very touching memento” of the S.S. Tararua disaster. The Tararua was a passenger steamer that struck the reef off Waipapa Point in the Catlins on 29 April 1881, and sank the next day, in the worst civilian shipping disaster in New Zealand's history. This memento consisted of a large photograph in two parts, the lower portion of the picture showed an “excellently executed portrayal” of the wreck and the upper portion showed a group of the survivors (5).
At the Christchurch International Exhibition held in Hagley Park in 1882 Peter Schourup was awarded a gold medal for artistic portrait photography - advert, The Star, 6 December 1883, page 2
In December 1883 at was reported that Mr. P. Schourup, photographer, of Colombo Street had photographed His Excellency the Governor, Sir William Jervois. (6)
Mr. P. Schourup, photographer, of Colombo street, took an excellent likeness of His Excellency the Governor, during the recent visit of the latter here.
Happening to pass by Mr. Schourup's establishment the other day, I closely examined the specimens in his window of his new style of photography (the name of which has slipped my memory), and I am by no means sure that I admire it, excellent as the productions are, so far as the photography goes. Young ladies smiling on you from the centre of elaborate china plates may be all very well, indeed one can imagine that the vision of a lovely face slowly emerging from the depths of one's soup might not be altogether unpleasant, and might furnish food for the mind while the body was receiving its nourishment; but the sight of the Hon. Mr. Rolleston, looking preternaturally solemn (and hideous) on a good-sized vase, is quite another thing, oh!
New Zealand Tablet, Volume XI, Issue 32, 7 December 1883, Page 19
In an exhibition held in Wellington in August 1885 Mr. Schourup, of Christchurch exhibited in the “department of portraiture” along with Mr. Morris, of Dunedin and Hemus and Hanna, of Auckland. The Evening post reported that – “From Mr. Schourup's studio we find some first-class specimens of his work, amongst which are a number of photographs on opal. This appears to be a specialty of this artist’s, and by it he produces some beautifully clear and faithful likenesses.” (7)
Employment of Females and Others Act.
Peter Schourup was accused of employing a female on Saturday. The Inspector said he had found a young lady painting at defendant's establishment after 2 p.m. Mr M'Connell appeared for defendant, and after the police case had been closed, pointed out that there was no proof that the young lady was a female under the Act. The definition of female in the Act referred to those above eighteen years of age; those below this age came within the definition of young persons. The information was therefore bad. Inspector Pender proposed to remedy the omission by calling the young lady in for the Bench to judge her age. This was done "Well," said Mr Beetham to Inspector Pender, "What have you gained by that ?" Inspector Pender: "It's for your Worship to judge whether she is eighteen or not." Mr Beetham (after the young lady had withdrawn.) "Oh ! I think she's about sixteen, and a very pretty girl too." The information was dismissed.- Star , Issue 5387, 13 August 1885, Page 3
Adolf Fischer was for almost seven years (18) the “operator and retoucher” in Mr Schourup's studio, before taking over William’s Portrait Rooms in Greymouth in December 1885 (8)
At the Industrial Art Conversazione held in August 1886 Peter Schourup exhibited some fine carbon photographs on porcelain and Messrs Donovan and Meers exhibited a number of very good photographs. - The Star, Issue 5996, 13 August 1886, Page 3
In October 1886 Peter Schourup and Eden George, another Christchurch photographer, were both called as witnesses in the sensational trail of Thomas Hall for the attempted murder of his wife Kate Hall by poisoning with antimony. Schourup stated that he had been “carrying on the art” of photography for 20 years and went on to give some evidence on antimony. After a protracted trial, Hall was sentenced to penal servitude for life for attempting to poison his wife with antimony. Hall was also charged with the murder of his father-in-law Captain Cain.(9) and (10)
On 24 January 1887 Peter Schourup was found dead in his shop. A medicine measure, containing some white crystals was lying beside him. He had purchased chloral hydrate the previous night. At an inquest Dr. Thomas deposed that the deceased's liver was much diseased. No signs of poison could be detected. Other witnesses stated that he had been very unwell lately, and much depressed by the hot weather. He purchased chloral on Monday, but no trace of the bottle could be found. A verdict of death from natural causes, probably accelerated by an overdose of chloral, was returned. (11 and 12)
He died on 24 January 1887 aged 49 years and is buried in the Linwood Cemetery, Christchurch (block 2, plot 38). At the time of his death his residence was in Merivale, Christchurch (13).
Thomas Sankey Tolputt, later a photographer at Rangiora worked for him.
His friends Ludwig Bergh, an ironmonger, born in Norway and Niels Schwartz an accountant born in Denmark were appointed as trustees of his estate following his death, they both died 1895. The photographer Charles Manning who had previously worked for George and Walton purchased the photographic business from the trustees of Peter Schourup.(16)
Schourup.- On the 6th May (1905), at the residence of her mother, Marion-street, New Parkside, Sophia Louisa, widow of the late Peter Schourup, and eldest daughter of the late Frederick Hustler, aged 53 years.
The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA), Monday 8 May 1905 page 4.
The Friends of the late Mrs. Sophia Louisa Schourup are respectfully informed that her Remains will be removed from her late residence, Marion-street, New Parkside, on Monday, at 10.30 a.m., for interment in the Woodville Cemetery.
William Jarvis, Undertaker. Telephone 1,332. King William-road, Unley.
The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA) Monday 8 May 1905, page 2.
Hustler. - At the residence of her daughter, Mrs. Joseph Bell, Hamley Bridge, Louisa Hustler, widow of the late Frederick Hustler, of Port Adelaide, aged 80 years.
The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA) Friday 9 September 1910 page 6
also see - Star , Issue 5935, 23 May 1887, Page 3
Peter Schourup's headstone and grave in Linwood Cemetery, Christchurch.
(photographed 30 August 2008)
2. Probate records, National Archives of New Zealand, Christchurch.
3. Art Gallery of South Australia
4. Papers Past - Otago Witness, Issue 1417, 18 January 1879, Page 19
5. Papers Past - West Coast Times, Issue 3807, 21 June 1881, Page 2
6. Papers Past - New Zealand Tablet, Volume XI, Issue 32, 7 December 1883, Page 19
7. Papers Past - Evening Post, Volume XXX, Issue 29, 3 August 1885
8. Grey River Argus, Volume XXXII, Issue 5372, 17 December 1885, Page 2
9. Otago Witness, Issue 1822, 22 October 1886, Page 9
10. Timaru's 1886 Sensational Poisoning Cases - www.rootsweb.ancestry.com
11. Evening Post, Volume XXXIII, Issue 21, 26 January 1887, Page 2
12. Taranaki Herald, Volume XXXVI, Issue 7281, 26 January 1887, Page 2
13. Christchurch City Council Cemeteries Database
14. The Star - 3 February 1879, page 4
15. The Star - 4 February 1879, page 4
16. the Star 14 September 1887 page 4
17. Timaru Herald, Volume XXXIII, Issue 1821, 23 July 1880, page 2
18. Timaru Herald, Volume XLIII, Issue 3852, 8 February 1887, Page 1
19. The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.) Tuesday 5 January 1875. Departed Melbourne 4 Jan 1875 arrived Lyttelton 14 Jan 1875 via Bluff and Port Chalmers, passengers Mrs Schomp aged 31 and Mr Schonap aged 26 (he would have then been aged 37 not 26) He may have also come to New Zealand about September 1874 - refer Mr Schourap aged 36 on the Alhambra - Public Record Office Victoria - Index to Outward Passengers to Interstate, U.K. and Foreign Ports, 1852-1896.
20. South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA) Thursday 8 January 1863 page 2 .
Other photographs by Peter Schourup:
Alexander Turnbull Library - http://timeframes.natlib.govt.nz
Portrait of William Pember Reeves andportrait of unidentified housemaid.
Mortlock Pictorial Collection - State Library of South Australiaabove right - Strangely this carte de visite, apparently by P. Schourup also has the name of C H Manning faintly visible upside down at the top of the card. (the reverse of this card is a scan of a photocopy)
Constance Emily Olivia Flockton, born circa 1867 New Zealand, reg. 1867/24942 the daughter of Emma and Charles Flockton, married circa 1889, reg. 1889/885 Alexander Mouet Foster [Mouatt, Moutt etc]
Constance Emily Olivia Foster died aged 78 years, ref. 1945/23611
Probably Dr. William Donald
died 30 June 1884 at his residence, Winchester Street, Lyttelton aged 68 years
Miss Eveleen Rayne original photograph by Elliott and Fry, 55 and 56 Baker Street, London
copied by Peter Schourup
The Late Dr Campbell. — The many friends of the late Dr Campbell will be glad to learn that a more than ordinarily successful portrait — almost life-size — has been produced. He artist is Mr Cambridge, who, in producing the fine oil-painting under notice, has been aided by a series of photographs, and by his personal knowledge of the unfortunate gentleman. It may be said without hesitation that in this work Mr Cambridge has acquitted himself in a manner that must do more than uphold his reputation. Regarded as an example of manipulative skill, the picture takes high rank, but as a "speaking" likeness it occupies a far higher place. Mr Cambridge will have the portrait on view in his studio for a few days, and doubtless many visitors will be attracted.
Dr Campbell by John Gaul